Frequently Asked Questions

General Questions


  • Simple: Breast is removed, preserving axillary lymph nodes and muscle tissues.
  • Double: Both breasts are removed in selected cases.
  • Modified radical mastectomy: Breast is removed, along with axillary lymph nodes, the pectoral muscle is preserved.


  • This type of mastectomy is partial and removes only tumor and cancerous surrounding tissues, it focuses on preserving the most amount of the breast.

Oncoplastic Surgery

  • This surgical procedure offers plastic and oncologic techniques to mitigate the esthetic effects of breast cancer surgery, it consists in subcutaneous mastectomy with areola and nipple preservation, making a mammary cosmetic reconstruction (implant).

Tru-cut needle biopsy is a well-tolerated and reliable procedure for providing a tissue diagnosis of malignancy before definitive treatment and obviating the need for formal excision biopsy of lesions for which there is a low index of suspicion.

An open breast biopsy is surgery to take a sample of breast tissue. A breast biopsy may be done to check a lump found during a breast examination. Or it may be done to check an area of concern found on a mammogram or ultrasound.

Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is a type of biopsy that is performed with a small (21 to 25 gauge) needle to obtain samples of tissue and fluid from solid or cystic breast lesions. It is one of the many different modalities for diagnosing breast masses outside of formal excision.

The surgical option recommendation is personal and will be based on the stage of Cancer and the medical evaluation.

Although surgery is very unlikely to cure breast cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, it can still be helpful in some situations, either as a way to slow the spread of the cancer, or to help prevent or relieve symptoms from it.

Locally Advanced Breast Cancer Surgery

When cancer is not properly treated or was non-responsive to conventional/alternative treatments, it tends to proliferate in complicated tumor growth, external ulceration, until presenting complex symptoms which can be extremely painful and discouraging to the patient.

When the cancer has spread only to nearby tissues or lymph nodes, it is called locally advanced cancer. When the cancer has spread to other parts of the body, it is called metastatic cancer. The liver, lungs, lymph nodes and bones are common areas of metastasis.

Locally Advanced Breast Cancer (LABC) represents the most advanced stage breast cancer that is still potentially curable with surgery, radiation, and systemic therapy. … Despite advances in breast cancer screening and treatment LABC remains a significant global healthcare issue.

Yes, though many of our patients with stage 3 and 4 breast cancer, has metastasized to other organs in the body, with the surgery Humanly gives the opportunity to no longer have to carry the affected area and many of its main symptoms.

The patient has a new way to live a more dignified quality of life, and hopefully, the patient may be happier, feel lighter to do the activities that she could not do before, living each day with more enthusiasm.

Post-surgical healing and scaring are swifter with laser surgery and is by far a very effective and safe method in Locally Advanced Breast cancer patients, 6 days after the surgery the patient will experience a considerable diminishment of symptoms mainly local pain you can live with greater lightness and recuperate self-esteem.

Since you arrive to our facilities to have a personal Medical evaluation Dr. Mascareno the average days the patient will stay will be 5 to 7 days

24 hrs. the next day’s till the removal of the drainage, the patient will recuperate in her hotel room, staying in contact with the Doctor for any questions.

All our surgeries and services include a 3 month follow up, with weekly online consultations, email or video conference calls, to ensure the patient’s full scaring and complete post-surgical healing, as well as to establish her emotional healing process.

Co2 Laser Breast Cancer Surgery

Among the surgical laser family, gas laser using Carbone Dioxide (CO2), better known as Laser CO2, is very efficient, since tissue tends to better absorb light more naturally, vaporizing water in tissue, thus generating less cellular damage. Post-surgical care is minimum. Using this CO2 laser technique, it has been demonstrated a reduction in the cancer cell dispersion by means of blood vessels and lymphatics.

Due to its unique properties, Laser Co2 technique leaves no remaining cancerous tissue in the breast area, there for reducing local recurrence.

Using laser surgery, there is a sealing for both cutting and ligation, there is less blood loss during surgery, so no blood transfusion is required, this saves a lot of time and reduces surgery cost.

The duration of surgery is also reduced to 1.5 to maximum 3 hours when performing a less complicated case.

Post-surgical healing and scaring are swifter with laser surgery and is by far a very effective and safe method in locally advanced breast cancer patients.

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